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Chinese Daily Routine Vocabulary 

 August 5, 2020

By  Alyza Cajigal

A helpful way of practicing your Chinese is by writing a journal or diary, or just sharing about your day to someone. In this article, you will learn basic words and phrases to describe your daily routine and schedule. Once you learn how simple phrases and words that describe your daily routine, it conversational Chinese will become easy for you.

Here are words that relate to describing your daily routine as well as its grammar structure.

Daily Routine in Chinese

Chinese Daily Routine Vocabulary

Chinese Days of the Week Vocabulary

Let's start with the days of the week so you could clearly express your schedule in Chinese. 

HanziPinyinDefinition
星期一XīngqīyīMonday
星期二Xīngqī'èrTuesday
星期三XīngqīsānWednesday
星期四XīngqīsìThursday
星期五XīngqīwǔFriday
星期六XīngqīliùSaturday
星期日XīngqīrìSunday
周末zhōumòweekend
假期jiàqīholiday
平日píngrìweekday
前天qiántiānthe day before yesterday
昨天zuótiānyesterday
今天jīntiāntoday
明天míngtiāntomorrow
后天hòutiānthe day after tomorrow
每天měitiānevery day
每星期měi xīngqíevery week
每周末měi zhōumòevery weekend
前年qiánniánthe year before last year
去年qùniánlast year
今年jīnniánthis year
明年míngniánnext year
次年cì niánthe year after next year
上个_____shàng gè_____last (day/week/year)
下个_____xià gè_____next (day/week/year)
měievery
tiānday
星期xīngqíweek
niányear
每 (天/星期/年/周末)měi (tiān/xīngqí/nián/zhōumò)every (day/week/year/weekend)

Time of the Day in Chinese

HanziPinyinDefinition 
凌晨língchénEarly morning (12 MN -2 AM)
黎明límíngDawn (4 AM-5 AM)
拂晓fúxiǎoDawn (4 AM-6 AM)
清晨qīngchénEarly morning (6 AM-7 AM)
早上zǎoshàngMorning (6 AM-8 AM)
上午shàngwǔMorning (8 AM-11 AM)
中午zhōngwǔNoon (11 AM-1 PM)
下午xiàwǔAfternoon (2 PM-5 PM)
晚上wǎnshangEvening (6 PM-10 PM)
傍晚bàngwǎnEvening (5 PM-6 PM)
黄昏huánghūnDusk (4 PM-5 PM)
午夜wǔyèMidnight (11 PM-1 AM)
夜间yèjiānNighttime (7 PM-5 AM)
一点yīdiǎn1:00 o'clock
两点liǎng diǎn2:00 o'clock
三点sān diǎn3:00 o'clock
四点sì diǎn4:00 o'clock
五点wǔ diǎn5:00 o'clock
六点liù diǎn6:00 o'clock
七点qī diǎn7:00 o'clock
八点bā diǎn8:00 o'clock
九点jiǔ diǎn9:00 o'clock
十点shí diǎn10:00 o'clock
十一点shíyī diǎn11:00 o'clock
十二点shí'èr diǎn12:00 o'clock

黎明 (límíng) or 破晓 (fúxiǎo) is used to indicate that it's the time the sun rises. 早上 (zǎoshàng) is used to indicate that it's early morning after dawn. 上午 (shàngwǔ) is used to indicate that it's before lunch. 下午 (xiàwǔ) is used to indicate that it's after lunch. 傍晚 (bàngwǎn) or 黄昏 (huánghūn) is used to indicate that it's the time the sun sets or goes down.午夜 (wǔyè) is used to indicate that it's in the middle of the night. 夜间 (yèjiān) is used to indicate nighttime in general.

Daily Routine in Chinese

HanziPinyinDefinition
参加会议cānjiā huìyìattend meeting
刷牙shuāyábrush teeth
买吃饭mǎi chīfànbuy food
做早饭zuò zǎofàncook breakfast
做晚饭zuò wǎnfàncook dinner
穿好衣服chuān hǎo yīfúdress up/put on clothes
吃早饭chī zǎo fàneat breakfast
吃晚饭chī wǎnfàneat dinner
吃午饭chī wǔfàneat lunch
起床qǐchuángget up (from bed)
去听音乐会qù tīng yīnyuè huìgo to a concert
去聚会qù jùhuìgo to a party
上学shàngxuégo to school
上班shàngbāngo to work
跑步pǎobùjog
听音乐tīng yīnyuèlisten to music
玩电子游戏wán diànzǐ yóuxìplay video games
看书kànshūread a book
睡觉shuìjiàosleep
网上wǎngshàngsurf the net
洗澡xǐzǎotake a bath/shower
洗脸xǐliǎnwash face
看电影kàn diànyǐngwatch a movie
锻炼duànliànworkout

Grammar

In telling the time, it is very important to indicate the situation of the time; whether it’s in the morning, noon, afternoon, evening, etc. That indicator is placed before the actual time and 点 (diǎn) which means “o’clock”

INDICATOR + TIME +


diǎn

Examples:

límíng  wǔ  diǎn

黎明  五  点

5:00 AM

zǎoshang shí diǎn

早上  十  点

10:00 AM

zhōngwǔ  shí'èr  diǎn

中午  十二  点

12:00 NN

xiàwǔ  liǎng  diǎn
下午  两  点
2:00 PM

wǎnshang  qī  diǎn
晚上  七  点
7:00 PM

When there is a time word that indicates “when” the action was done, the time word is placed at the beginning of the sentence. It can be before or after the subject but never after the place and verb.

SBJ + TIME (WHEN) + PLACE* + VERB
OR
TIME (WHEN) + SBJ + PLACE* + VERB

*Place here can be omitted (depending on your sentence)

zǎoshang  bā  diǎn  wǒ  qǐchuáng
早上  八  点  我 起床
I get up at 8 o'clock in the morning.

wǒ  xiàwǔ  yīdiǎn  chī  wǔfàn
我  下午  一点  吃  午饭
I eat lunch at 1 o'clock in the afternoon.

wǎnshang  jiǔ  diǎn  dìdi  wán  diànzǐyóuxì
晚上  九  点  弟弟  玩  电子游戏
Younger brother plays videogames at 9 o'clock in the evening.

wǎnshang  shí  diǎn  wǒmen  shuìjiào
晚上  十  点  我们  睡觉
We go to sleep at 10 o'clock in the evening.

zhōngwǔ  shí'èr  diǎn  wǒmen  mǎi  fàn

中午  十二  点  我们  买  饭
We buy food at 12 noon.

When adding the day and time in a sentence, the day in the sentence comes before the time.

SBJ + DAY + TIME (WHEN) + PLACE* + VERB
OR
DAY + TIME (WHEN) + SBJ + PLACE* + VERB

*Place here can be omitted (depending on your sentence)

Examples:

Xīngqīrì  zǎoshang  māma  qù  chāoshì
星期日  早上  妈妈  去  超市
Mother goes to the market on Sunday morning.

wǒ  jīntiān  zǎoshang  qī  diǎn  shàngbān
我  今天  早上  七  点  上班
Today, I will go to work at 7 o'clock in the morning.

zuótiān  xiàwǔ  wǒmen  qù  shēngrì  jùhuì
昨天  下午  我们  去  生日  聚会
We went to a birthday party yesterday afternoon.

míngtiān   wǎnshang  bā  diǎn  tāmen  huì  kàn  diànyǐng
明天  晚上  八  点  他们  会  看  电影
They will watch a movie tomorrow at 8 o'clock in the evening.

Practice time!

You can practice these words by sharing how your day was just like how you would write it in a journal. Do this every day and surely your Chinese will definitely improve.
Here’s an example of a “diary entry”:

Hanzi:
今天早上七点我起床。上午我有会议。下午四点我会下班。晚上我做晚饭和吃晚饭。

Pinyin:
jīntiān zǎoshang qī diǎn wǒ qǐchuáng. Shàngwǔ wǒ yǒu huìyì. Xiàwǔ sì diǎn wǒ huì xiàbān. Wǎnshàng wǒ zuò wǎnfàn hé chī wǎnfàn.

Translation:
I got up at seven this morning. I have a meeting before lunch. I will get off work at four in the afternoon. In the evening I make dinner and eat dinner.

Now you try!
Keep practicing and enjoy learning Chinese!

Alyza Cajigal


Alyza is a fluent Chinese speaker who works as a corporate analyst in the Philippines. She also loves gaming and fitness on her downtime.

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